June 5, 2017
Monday, 6:00 pm OGS General Meeting
Gone to the Grave: American Burial Habits and Cemetery Research
Speaker: Abby Burnett
Before there was a death care industry where professional funeral directors offered embalming and other services, residents of the Arkansas Ozarks?and, for that matter, people throughout the South?buried their own dead. Every part of the complicated, labor-intensive process was handled within the deceased’s community. This process included preparation of the body for burial, making a wooden coffin, digging the grave, and overseeing the burial ceremony, as well as observing a wide variety of customs and superstitions.
These traditions, especially in rural communities, remained the norm up through the end of World War II, after which a variety of factors, primarily the loss of manpower and the rise of the funeral industry, brought about the end of most customs.
Gone to the Grave, a meticulous autopsy of this now vanished way of life and death, documents mourning and practical rituals through interviews, diaries and reminiscences, obituaries, and a wide variety of other sources. Abby Burnett covers attempts to stave off death; passings that, for various reasons, could not be mourned according to tradition; factors contributing to high maternal and infant mortality; and the ways in which loss was expressed though obituaries and epitaphs. A concluding chapter examines early undertaking practices and the many angles funeral industry professionals worked to convince the public of the need for their services. Books will be available for purchase and autograph by the author.
Abby Burnett is an independent researcher who studies Arkansas cemeteries. As seen on Arkansas Education Television Network’s documentary, “Silent Storytellers,” she studies long-lost burial customs, tombstone symbolism, epitaphs and the work of early stone carvers. She has written articles for historical societies, entries for the online Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture, and been a speaker for the Association for Gravestone Studies. Her book, Gone to the Grave; Burial Customs of the Arkansas Ozarks, 1850 – 1950, was published in paperback in 2015 by the University Press of Mississippi. Burnett lives on Bradshaw Mountain, near Kingston, Arkansas.
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